New Zealand geography you’ll find a variety of awesome landscapes
in New Zealand, all within easy reach of each other. Spectacular
glaciers, picturesque fiords, rugged mountains, vast plains, rolling
hillsides, subtropical forest, volcanic plateau, miles of coastline
with gorgeous sandy beaches — it’s all here. No wonder New Zealand
is becoming so popular as a location for movies!
Lying in the south-west Pacific, New Zealand consists of two main
islands — the North Island and the South Island. In addition, Stewart
Island and many smaller islands lie offshore. The North Island has
a ‘spine’ of mountain ranges running through the middle, with gentle
rolling farmland on both sides. The central North Island is dominated
by the Volcanic Plateau, an active volcanic and thermal area. The
massive Southern Alps form the backbone of the South Island. To
the east of the Southern Alps is the rolling farmland of Otago and
Southland, and the vast, flat Canterbury Plains.
Long Sandy Beaches to Wild, Rugged Coastlines
New Zealand has over 15,000 kilometres of beautiful and varied coastline.
Range to Fertile Farmland
About a fifth of the North Island and two-thirds of the South Island
of Grinding Ice
New Zealand’s Southern Alps have a number of glaciers, the largest
being Tasman glacier, which you can view by taking a short walk
from Mount Cook village. New Zealand’s most famous glaciers are
the Franz Josef and Fox on the South Island’s West Coast.
Over thousands of years, the process of subduction has seen parts
of the New Zealand landscape become submerged. The Marlborough Sounds
and Fiordland are examples of high mountain ranges that have ‘sunk’
into the sea, creating spectacular sounds and fiords.